Cultural Dance Trends Episode 4 by World Dance Apparel•
Posted on August 22 2022
Today we are here with our 4th blog episode of cultural dance trends series. We hope you are enjoying this series and many new things like dance trends, dance moves and dance costumes you are exploring in these blogs. By continuing this mission, we have gathered some more interesting information for you. As you know our episodes are based on English Alphabets. Let me clear :)
In the first episode, we covered cultural dance trends of all the countries in this world which names start from alphabet 'A'. Then in the 2nd episode we covered countries - names starts with alphabet 'B' and so on. Today in our 4th episode, we are going to cover all the countries which names starts with the alphabets 'D', 'E' and 'F'. So, without wasting any time let's start!
Cultural Dance - Democratic Republic of the Congo
Soukous is a genre of dance music from Congo-Kinshasa and Congo-Brazzaville. It derived from Congolese rumba in the 1960s, becoming known for its fast dance rhythms and intricate guitar improvisation, and gained popularity in the 1980s in France. Although often used by journalists as a synonym for Congolese rumba, both the music and dance associated with soukous differ from more traditional rumba, especially in its higher tempo and longer dance sequences. Notable performers of the genre include Franco Luambo, Papa Wemba, Sam Mangwana, Tabu Ley Rochereau, and Pépé Kallé.
Cultural Dance of Denmark
Les Lanciers Dance
Les Lanciers or The Lancers is a square dance, a variant of the Quadrille, a set dance performed by four couples, particularly popular in the 18th and 19th centuries. It is a composite dance made up of five figures or tours, each performed four times so that each couple dances the lead part. It exists in many variants in several countries
Cultural Dance of Dominica
A derivative found in the Francophone Lesser Antilles is known as kwadril, and the dance is also still found in Madagascar and is within old Caribbean. The Kwadril dance is also known as quadrille dance which was fashionable in late 18th- and 19th-century Europe and its colonies. In the second episode, we discussed about Quadrille dance in details. You should read J Link: Cultural Dance Episode 2.
The quadrille consists of a chain of four to six contredanses. Latterly the quadrille was frequently danced to a medley of opera melodies. Performed by four couples in a rectangular formation, it is related to American square dancing. The Lancers, a variant of the quadrille, became popular in the late 19th century and was still danced in the 20th century in folk-dance clubs. A derivative found in the Francophone Lesser Antilles is known as kwadril, and the dance is also still found in Madagascar and is within old Caribbean culture.
Cultural Dance of Dominican Republic
Merengue is a style of Dominican music and dance. Merengue is the national dance of the Dominican Republic and is also important to national identity in the country. It is a type of danced walk and is accessible to a large variety of people with or without dance experience. The music of merengue draws influence from European and Afro-Cuban styles and mainly uses instruments like guitars, drums, and a charrasca or metal scraper. The dance originated as a rural dance and later became a ballroom dance and they started to use ballroom dance costumes. Merengue has three distinct sections: the paseo, the merengue proper, and the closing jaleo which includes improvisation.
Bachata is a style of social dance from the Dominican Republic which is now danced all over the world. It is connected with bachata music. The special types of bachata dance apparels can be seen to perform this dance performance. The basic dance sequence is performed in a full 8-count moving within a square, consisting of three steps and then a tap or various forms of step syncopations (such as the "double step"). The tap is done on the opposite foot of the last step, while the next step is taken on the same foot as the tap. The dance direction may change after the tap or fourth step. Bachata can be danced on any beat of the musical phrase as long as the basic dance sequence is maintained. For example, one may start on the 1st beat of the musical phrase, with the tap landing on the 4th beat.
Cultural Dance of Ecuador
Pasillo is a Colombian, genre of music extremely popular in the territories that composed the 19th century Viceroyalty of New Granada: Born in the Colombian Andes during the independence wars, it spread to other areas; especially Ecuador and, to a lesser extent, the mountainous regions of Venezuela and Panama. Venezuelans refer to this style of music as "vals". Today, it has incorporated more European features of classical dance, such as Viennese waltz in Colombia and features of sanjuanito and yaraví in Ecuador. As it spread during the Gran Colombia period, pasillo also absorbed the individual characteristics of isolated villages. This gives it an eclectic feel; however, the style, tone, and tempo of the music differ in each village and indeed between each country.
Cultural Dance of Egypt
Raqs Sharqi Dance
Raqs sharqi is the classical Egyptian style of belly dance that developed during the first half of the 20th century. Based on the ancient Egyptian women solo dancing with almost nude-outfits, rural Egyptian folk styles and also to modernize it with western influences, such as marching bands, Latin dance, etc., this hybrid style was performed in the cabarets of interbellum period Egypt and in early Egyptian cinema.
The style is often considered the classical style of belly dance, although that term historically referred to the Awalem style (low-class dancers), and today covers a much wider range of Middle Eastern dance as well as Western styles developed from them.
Raqs Baladi Dance
Baladi can refer to an Egyptian musical style, the folk style of Egyptian bellydance or the Masmoudi Sogheir rhythm, which is frequently used in baladi music. It is also sometimes spelled in English as 'beledi' or 'baladee'.
Cultural Dance of El Salvador
The xuc also known as Salvadoran folk music , is a musical genre, and later a typical dance from El Salvador, that was created and popularized by Paquito Palaviccini in Cojutepeque located in the department of Cuscatlán in 1942. This rhythm was born with the famous Salvadoran song " Adentro Cojutepeque ", and was composed in honor of the sugar cane festivities.
Cultural Dance of Eritrea
Traditional Eritrean Tigrinya dancing involves two main styles of dance. In the first which is called 'quda', the dancers form a circle and slowly circumambulator or move around in an endless circular motion to the rhythm of the music. Then, they cease the circular musical flow/motion and dance in pairs or 3's facing each other for a short while before resuming the circular motion in a file again. During this time, they shuffle their feet to the beat of the music and bob their shoulders in a rhythmic fashion. Female dancers usually move their shoulders more than the male dancers.
The dancers round off their dancing by facing each other in twos and threes and moving their shoulders faster. This can also involve jumping and bending one's knees, as well as going down to the floor to sit in a squatting position while bobbing those shoulders and moving the head sideways to the strong drum beats.
In the second style of dance, two groups (often a group of men and a group of women) line up and face each other. The dance features a skipping step to the music. Periodically, the two groups will change places, dancing across the floor and passing each other in the process.
Cultural Dance of Ethiopia
Eskista is a traditional Ethiopian cultural dance from the Amhara ethnic group performed by men, women, and children. It's known for its unique emphasis on intense shoulder movement which it shares with the shim-shim dance of the Tigrinya people in neighboring Eritrea. The dance is characterized by rolling and bouncing the shoulders, jilting the chest, and thrusting the neck in various directions. Eskista is typically performed to traditional Ethiopian music, but it is possible to incorporate the style of dance into modern forms of music such as the music played in modern Ethiopian music videos. The complex nature of Eskista dancing is what makes it arguably one of the most technical forms of traditional dance.
Cultural Dance of Finland
Finnish Tango Dance
Finnish tango or FINtango music is an established variation of the Argentine tango but whose rhythm follows the Ballroom tango. It was one of the most popular music forms for decades in Finland.
Finnish tango as a dance has characteristics that differ from both competitive and Argentine tango. There is a close contact in the pelvis, upper thighs, and the upper body. Finnish tango is often taught with a SSQQ (slow, slow, quick, quick) basic step sequence, with QQS or SQQ used for the beguine or habanera parts so often found in Finnish tango pieces, although a skilled dancer might use slows and quicks just as he wishes to match either the melody or the rhythm. Dips and rotations are frequent. There are no kicks or aerials in Finnish tango. Typically, feet stay close to the floor, except in dips the follower might slightly raise the left leg.
Jenkka is a fast Finnish partner dance found in Finnish folk dance, the Finnish version of the schottische. It is danced to music in 2,4 or 4,4-time signature, with about 140 beats per minute.
Men and women do similar steps. The initial dance position is with the man to the left of the woman both facing in the direction of the line of dance, with their inner arms on each other's waists. The dancers go forward in a run similar to that of the polka: "left-right-left-hop (on the left foot)", "right-left-right-hop". After that they join the free arms, assume the face-to-face closed dance position and proceed with the chain of pivot turns stepping "left-right-left-right" or "left-hop-right-hop". The runs of similar steps are normally started at the beginnings of musical phrases.
Cultural Dance of Fiji
Meke, in the Fijian language, is all traditional style of dance. It is a cognate of the words "maka" (Rotuman) and "mele" in Hawaiian. It is typically performed during celebrations and festivals. Traditionally the dances that comprise the meke art form are performed by groups of men only or women only, however, foreign influences, such as the male/female Tongan ma'ulu'ulu becoming the Fijian vakamalolo, are evident throughout.
Cultural Dances of France
A branle is a type of French dance popular from the early 16th century to the present, danced by couples in either a line or a circle. The term also refers to the music and the characteristic step of the dance.
An-dro or en-dro is a Breton folk dance in 4,4. It is a form of a circle dance. The dancers link little fingers in a long line, swinging their arms, and moving to their left by taking longer steps in that direction than when stepping right. In the generic case the arm movements consist first of two circular motions going up and back followed by one in the opposite direction; these are done quite close to the body. This is then followed by a circle in the same sense as the last but with full arm extension and extending behind the body. The cycle then repeats.
The Farandole is an open-chain community dance popular in Provence, France. This dance is considered as the oldest of the dances as well as the most characteristic and the most representative of Provence. Its name is attested only from the eighteenth century, however, it has been represented since prehistoric times by rock engravings then during Antiquity on ceramics or frescoes. Today in Provence, it is danced to the tunes played by the drummers who accompany it with their galoubets and their tambourines.
The tambourin is a Provençal dance accompanied by lively duple meter music. It is so named because the music imitates a drum (tambour being a generic French term for "drum"), usually as a repetitive not-very-melodic figure in the bass. A small, two-headed drum of Arabic origin is also called the tambourin [de Provence] or tambour de Basque; it is mentioned as early as the 1080s and noted as the "tabor" in the Chanson de Roland). This was played together with a small flute known as the galoubet or flaviol.
Cultural Dance of French Polynesia
The tāmūrē, or tamouré as popularized in many 1960s recordings, is a dance from Tahiti and the Cook Islands and although denied by the local purists, for the rest of the world it is the most popular dance and the mark of Tahiti. Usually danced as a group of boys and girls, all dressed in more (the Tahitian grass skirt, however not made of grass but of the fibers from the bark of the pūrau, "hibiscus").
The boys shake their knees and the girls shake their hips by waving their dance dress. In reality the movement of their knees is the engine which drives their hips. Their feet should stay flat on the ground and their shoulders should remain stationary. Wow Amazing! This must be a great fun.
So, we hope you enjoyed the 4th episode of this series. If you really liked, we would love to listen something from you :) We tried our best to cover all the countries starting with the letters ‘D’, 'E' and 'F' in this blog episode. To explore the previous episodes, you may find the links below.
Cultural Dance – Episode 1: https://worlddanceapparel.com/blogs/how-to-blogs/cultural-dance-trends-series-episode-1
Cultural Dance – Episode 2: https://worlddanceapparel.com/blogs/how-to-blogs/cultural-dance-trends-series-episode-2
Cultural Dance – Episode 3: https://worlddanceapparel.com/blogs/how-to-blogs/cultural-dance-trends-series-episode-3
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